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English Grammar : Noun, Classification of Noun, Number and Gender

English Grammar : Noun, Classification of Noun, Number and Gender
English Grammar (Noun) @ www.rishabhdaksh.in

English Grammar : Noun, Classification of Noun, Number and Gender

NOUN

Noun is a word used as the name of person, place or thing.
 For example : Ram, Mohan, Seeta, Geeta, Delhi, America, Shakespeare, pen, paper, cigarette, soldier etc.

CLASSIFICATION OF NOUN

Noun is classified into 4 groups. They are:
1. Common Noun
2. Proper Noun
3. Collective Noun
4. Abstract Noun

LOOK AT THE SENTENCES :

Vikramaditya was a great king.
The noun Vikramaditya refers to a particular king, but the noun King might be used with other king. We call Vikramaditya or proper noun and King a common noun.
Similarly,
Gouri is a girl.
Here, Gouri is a proper noun while girl is a common noun.
Ramesh is a boy.
Here, Ramesh is a proper noun while boy is a common noun.
Delhi is a city.
Here, Delhi is a proper noun while city is a common noun.
Canada is a country.
Here, Canada is a proper noun while country is a common noun.

The words girl, boy, city, country - in the above examples are all common nouns, because they are the names common to all girls, boys, cities and countries. While Gauri, Ramesh, Delhi and Canada are all proper noun because they are the names of particular girl, boy, city and country.
Thus,

1. Common Noun :

A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind.

2. Proper Noun :

A proper noun is the name of some particular person or place.

3. Collective Noun :

Collective noun is the name of a number of persons or things taken together and spoken of as one whole. 
For example , 
Crowd, mob, team, flock, herd, army, fleet family, jury, parliament, troop, navy etc.

4. Abstract Noun :

An abstract noun is usually the name of a quality, action aur state considered apart from the object to which it belongs. 
For example,

  • Goodness
  • Kindness
  • Whiteness
  • Darkness
  • Laughter
  • Movement
  • Heroism
  • Childhood
  • Boyhood
  • Youth



NUMBER

There are two kind of numbers singular and plural.

A noun that denotes one person not thing is said to be in the singular number.
For example,
boy, girl, man, bird, tree, book, pen, baby etc.

A noun that denotes more than one person or thing is said to be in the plural number.
For example,
boys, girls, men, birds, trees, books, pens, babies etc.

GENDER

What is gender ?

In grammar, there is a classification of a noun or pronoun as masculine or feminine. Therefore, gender is the sexual classification in Grammar. Gender comes from Latin genus, meaning kind or sort.
We know that living beings are either the male or the female sex.

A noun that denotes a male animal is said to be the masculine gender.
A noun that denotes a female animal is said to be the feminine gender.

Noun that denotes a thing that is neither male not female is said to be of neuter gender.
 English Grammar section is available to all UP D.El.Ed. btc students.

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